The auto industry is one of the major pillars of the Romanian industry, alongside the retail and IT industries, a study by Euler Hermes argues. The auto industry employs over 150,000 people and in 2016 contributed by 47 percent to exports.
According to the study, the car industry is enjoying high returns. In 2016 it recorded an impressive year-on-year growth rate of 9 percent and the global average went up by 1.6 percent. If the growth rate continues, the study argues, the increase will stand at around 6-7 percent per year by 2020.
Until now, the sector was driven by car makers, with Dacia Renault ranking 11th in Europe, in 2016, when it produced almost 360,000 units. Currently, car parts industry is driving the growth.
The suppliers market includes both own factories, as is the case of Daimler, and numerous contractors, such as Delphi, Draexlmaier, Leoni or Continental, as well as small local entrepreneurs, who act like providers for the big producers.
The big players on the market are not transparent when it comes to estimates and financial data, and usually banks provide financing at group level, and usually in better conditions than local banks.
The domestic car market increased in the last quarter of 2016 for new cars (-1.7 percent Q1-Q2 until 32,500 units), but dropped strongly in general due to a slowdown in second hand cars, up to a total of 101,500 cars sold (-15.2 percent Q1-Q2).
2016 was one of the best years of the past decade, with a 17.4 percent increase in vehicle registrations to 510,000 units, with new cars accounting for around 22 percent (115.000 units).
Also, the financial leasing market has increased by 25 percent in 2016, up to EUR two billion, of which almost 77 percent are cars and light commercial vehicles. Companies accounted for 97 percent of total financial leasing customers, followed by individuals 2 percent and 1 percent of the public sector. The fleet of operational leasing vehicles increased by 8 percent to 60,000 vehicles in 2016 (about 13 percent of all new car registrations), with similar growth expectations for 2017.
The total turnover of the automotive sector in 2016 exceeded EUR 20 billion, driven by exports, as the local market is relatively small and focuses on second-hand vehicles.
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