Close to half of the total foreign direct investments (FDI) amount worth EUR 4.5 billion attracted by Romania last year went into manufacturing, while the largest equity participation through capital increases was recorded in electricity, gas and water supply, according to the National Bank of Romania (BNR).
Last year, the manufacturing sector attracted EUR 2 billion, while the main sub-sectors benefiting from foreign direct investment were transport equipment (EUR 928 million), oil processing, chemical, rubber and plastic products (EUR 352 million) and metallurgy (EUR 242 million). Other economic activities which received large FDI inflows were financial intermediation and insurance (EUR 800 million) and trade (EUR 609 million).
Greenfield investments represented EUR 78 million last year, while the FDI for M&A stood at EUR 184 million.
The largest equity participation (capital increases) were in: electricity, gas and water supply (EUR 1,302 million), construction and real estate transactions (EUR 597 million) and manufacturing (EUR 397 million). Equity participation in electricity, gas and water supply was primarily made via the conversion into equity of intercompany loans taken previously.
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At the end of last year, the total FDI stock amounted to EUR 70.1 billion. Close to half of the total FDI stock is represented by greenfield investments.
The biggest generators of FDI to Romania are The Netherlands (24.3 percent), Germany (13.2 percent) and Austria (11.9 percent) – share of total stock.
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